Canyons on the American West

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Thursday, Jun 20 2013 by

A canyon (occasionally spelled caƱon) or gorge is a deep ravine between cliffs often carved from the landscape by a river. Rivers have a natural tendency to reach a baseline elevation, which is the same elevation as the body of water it will eventually drain into. This forms a canyon. Most canyons were formed by a process of long-time erosion from a plateau level. The cliffs form because harder rock strata that are resistant to erosion and weathering remain exposed on the valley walls.

The word canyon is generally used in the United States, while the word gorge is more common in Europe and Oceania, though gorge and ravine are also used in some parts of the United States and Canada. The military derived word defile is occasionally used in the United Kingdom.

Tourists viewing the Grand Canyon (StreetView)
Tourists viewing the Grand Canyon

Snake River Canyon (Idaho) (StreetView)
Snake River Canyon (Idaho)
Tight Squeeze - Antelope Canyon (Google Maps)
Tight Squeeze - Antelope Canyon

Fremont Canyon Bridge (Google Maps)
Fremont Canyon Bridge

Yellowstone Canyon (Google Maps)
Yellowstone Canyon

Chaco Canyon (Google Maps)
Chaco Canyon
Jesus Canyon (Google Maps)
Jesus Canyon

Tunstall Canyon (Google Maps)
Tunstall Canyon
Palo Duro Canyon (Google Maps)
Palo Duro Canyon

Red Rock Canyon (Google Maps)
Red Rock Canyon