Archibald Arnott (April 18, 1772 – 1855) was a British Army surgeon who was best known as Napoleon's last physician at St. Helena.
Before attending to Napoleon, Arnott served in Holland, Minorca, Malta, Sicily, Calabria, Austria, Spain with the Duke of Wellington, and India. In 1821 he arrived in St. Helena and quickly established a rapport with the Emperor. Napoleon was so fond of the doctor that he ordered a snuff box with "N" carved on it. Napoleon also gave him a locket of his hair, a pair of dueling pistols and a handkerchief. Arnott was with Napoleon until the latter's death on May 5th, 1821, taking a death mask and the autopsy.
Arnott retired to Ecclefechan, Scotland in 1822 and wrote "Account of the last illness, Decease, and Post-mortem appearances of Napoleon". He died in Scotland in 1855 a respected man.
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