Probably founded by the Chalcidians of Euboea in the 8th century B.C. in an area distinguished by particularly fertile terrain, Cumea developed rapidly, quickly acquiring total hegemony over a good part of the coasts of Campania, a hegemony that enabled it to victoriously resist the rampant expansion of the Etruscans.
Later the city was conquered by the Samnites, it later passed, in 338 B.C., to the control of the Romans. In 334 B.C. Cuma became a Roman province.
Conquered by the Goths, who barricaded themselves here in 560, resisting the siege of the troops of Narsete. In 1216 the city was completely destroyed by the Neapolitans.