Emirau Island, also called Emira, is an island in the Bismarck Archipelago. It is currently part of the New Ireland Province of Papua New Guinea.
Early in World War II this tiny island became international news when over 500 prisoners from various ships (including RMS Rangitane) sunk by German surface raiders were released and subsequently rescued by the Australian authorities. US Marines landed on Emirau in March 1944. The island was used as an American airbase.