A German poet, philosopher, historian, and playwright. During the last seventeen years of his life (1788–1805), Schiller struck up a productive, if complicated, friendship with already famous and influential Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. They frequently discussed issues concerning aesthetics, and Schiller encouraged Goethe to finish works he left as sketches. This relationship and these discussions led to a period now referred to as Weimar Classicism. They also worked together on Xenien, a collection of short satirical poems in which both Schiller and Goethe challenge opponents to their philosophical vision.
He never lived in St Louis, but according to various websites, his son Johann Wilhelm Engau, who also never lived in St Louis, "started the line of descendants who now live in St Louis, MO." The statue was donated by Colonel Charles Stifel, a local brewer (everyone was a brewer), and apparently there was a huge parade and party the day the statue was dedicated in 1898.