The Tallinn Botanical Garden contains over 8 000 plant species and classes.
The Botanics, established in 1961, cover an area of 110 hectares. They contain five large collections on open land: an arboretum, a rosary, perennials, bulbous plants and summer flowers. However, there are many more individual exhibitions, including a heather garden, low-growth bulbous plants, lilies, a stone garden, peonies, astilbes, primroses, and useful plants. Altogether, the Gardens exhibit over 5000 plant classes and species.
The majority of plants growing in Estonia’s parks and gardens can be seen here, as well as rarer plant types and new decorative plant species which can survive in Estonia’s climate.
There are around 2400 taxons in the greenhouse plants collection (with 2100 m² of glassed-in surface area). Beside the plant groups which are widely recognized and which grow in broad areas (palms, cactuses, thick-leaved plants, orchids, araceae), there are also many species from Australia, Madagascar, the Canary Islands, and elsewhere. Numerous useful plants are on display (coffee, cacao, vanilla, cardamom, banana, date, lemon, olive, locust, black pepper, and others), as well as plenty, which are suitable as houseplants.
Specialized exhibits change nearly every month, and cover such themes as medicinal and poisonous plants; exotic fruits; taste and smell; mushrooms; various cutting flowers; and much more. Thematic tours are also available throughout the year, most popular among them being the summer-night aroma tours and the rose days.