he Federal Judicial Center is the research and education agency of the federal judicial system. It was established by Congress in 1967 (28 U.S.C. §§ 620-629), on the recommendation of the Judicial Conference of the United States. The many specific statutory duties of the Center and its Board fall into a few broad categories:
*Conducting and promoting orientation and continuing education and training for federal judges, court employees, and others;
*Developing recommendations about the operation and study of the federal courts;
*Conducting and promoting research on federal judicial procedures, court operations, and history.
By statute, the Chief Justice of the United States chairs the Center's Board, which also includes the director of the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts and seven judges elected by the Judicial Conference. The Board appoints the Center's director and deputy director; the director appoints the Center's staff. Since its founding in 1967, the Center has had nine directors. Judge Barbara J. Rothstein became director in 2003. She was appointed U.S. district judge for the Western District of Washington in 1980 but has been resident in Washington, D.C., since becoming director. The deputy director is John S. Cooke.
The Director's Office is responsible for the Center's overall management and its relations with other organizations. Its Systems Innovation & Development Office provides technical support for Center education and research. Communications Policy & Design edits, produces, and distributes all Center print and electronic publications, operates the Federal Judicial Television Network, and through the Information Services Office maintains a specialized library collection of materials on judicial administration.
The Education Division plans and produces educational programs, services, and resources for judges and for nonjudicial court personnel, such as those in clerk's offices and probation and pretrial services offices. Its products include travel-based and in-court programs that participants attend in person, Web-based programs and publications, television programs broadcast by satellite, and manuals, monographs, and other print publications.
The Research Division undertakes empirical and exploratory research on federal judicial processes, court management, and sentencing and its consequences, often at the request of the Judicial Conference and its committees, the courts themselves, or other groups in the federal system.
The Federal Judicial History Office develops programs relating to the history of the judicial branch and assists courts with their own judicial history programs.
The Interjudicial Affairs Office caries out the Center's statutory mission to provide information about federal courts to officials of foreign judicial systems and to acquire information about foreign judicial sysstems that will help the Center perform its other missions.
Also, from www.uscourts.gov:
Construction of the Thurgood Marshall Federal Judiciary Building (TMFJB), began in April 1990 and was completed by the original target day of October 1, 1992. “To American citizens, [the building] helps put a face on a branch of government that is spread out across the nation, and serves as a strong testament to the important work that is accomplished here,” Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts Director Leonidas Ralph Mecham said in commemorating the anniversary of the TMFJB.