The Slovak National Uprising, one of the largest movements of anti-Nazi resistance in Europe, was launched from Banská Bystrica on August 29, 1944. Banská Bystrica was an administrative, economic, and cultural center for central Slovakia throughout the 20th century. Because of the unprecedented development of the University of Matej Bel in the 1990s, it has gained the character of a university town.
The Memorial of the S.N.U. - a dominant feature of the modern town - was built in 1969. There is a museum with weapons, clothing, documents and photographs commemorating the S.N.U. The memorial area is delineated by a part of the town fortifications and two bastions. In the park there is an outdoor military museum from the Second World War, an armoured train, Soviet and German tanks, cannons and a partisan bunker.
By kjfitz @ 2006-04-09 20:52:36