Citadel Hill is a glacial drumlin located on the Halifax Peninsula. It measures approximately 80 metres above sea level and affords a commanding view of the entrance to Halifax Harbour, as well as nearby George's Island and McNabs Island. The British founded Halifax in 1749 to counter a growing French presence at Fortress Louisbourg several hundred kilometres northeast. The site for the town was chosen in part because the drumlin could provide protection for the naval dockyard. A series of four different defensive fortifications have occupied the summit of Citadel Hill since this time, with the construction and levelling resulting in the summit of the hill being dropped by ten to twelve metres.
Landmarks, Military - Historic