October 13, 1940 - Pharoah Sanders, a Grammy Award-winning American jazz saxophonist.
October 14, 1644 - William Penn, an English real estate entrepreneur, philosopher, and founder of the Province of Pennsylvania, the English North American colony and the future Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
October 15, 1844 - Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche, a German philosopher, poet, composer, cultural critic, and classical philologist.
October 16, 1875 - Victoria Kaʻiulani Kalaninuiahilapalapa Kawēkiu i Lunalilo Cleghorn, heir to the throne of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi and held the title of crown princess.
October 17, 1803 - Ferenc Deák de Kehida, a Hungarian statesman and Minister of Justice. He was known as "The Wise Man of the Nation".
October 18, 1990 - Carly Brook Schroeder, an American film and television actress.
October 19, 1735 - John Adams, an American Founding Father, and the second President of the United States (1797–1801).