Jacksonville, Illinois, is home to the Eli Bridge Company, makers of ferris wheels and other carnival rides. In 1989, this ferris wheel built in 1907 was designated with a historic marker by the Illinois State Historical Society. At night, this wheel is brightly lit with colored lights.
Entertainment - Theme Parks, Circuses and Fairs, Events - Historical
The text of the historic marker:
I have discovered the machine I want to design and build, a portable 'Ferris Wheel'', W.E. Sullivan, 1893.
A young man's dream became reality when W.E. Sullivan, of Roodhouse, Illinois, designed and built a small, portable, revolving wheel, patterned after the 'Ferris Wheel' at the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago. He called his invention, 'Big Eli.'
On May 23, 1900, in the square of downtown Jacksonville, 'Big Eli' a 45' high 'wheel' made of twelve structural steel 'spokes' with carriage seats at their extremities, and supported by a steel axle, offered rides to all who dared to 'revolve' in the bridge-like contraption. It grossed $5.56 that day.
"Big Eli No. 17" was constructed in 1907 and was the 17th "wheel" built by Mr. Sullivan's manufacturing concern, Eli Bridge Company.
'Big Eli No. 17' thrilled crowds at amusement parks in Duluth, MN; Leavenworth, KS; San Antonio, TX; Guaymas, Mexico; and, Miami, FL. In 1957, No. 17 returned home to the Eli Bridge Company for renovation. Originally built with 10 seats, No. 17 was converted to a '12-seater' and sold to the Jacksonville Rotary Club. Rotary installed No. 17 in Nichols Park and operated it there until increased insurance costs forced its closure in 1985.
In 1986, the Rotary Club donated the 'Big Eli No. 17' to the City of Jacksonville. With the assistance of Eli Bridge Company, and private donations, the structure was renovated and re-erected at its present site. Big Eli No. 1 stands in the front yard of the Eli Bridge Company.
Links: www.historyillinois.com, www.elibridge.com