The B-25 is best remembered in aviation history for its use by Jimmie Doolittle in the raid over Japan in the dark early days of American involvement in World War II. In April 1942, Lt. Col. Doolittle flew the first of 16 specially modified B-25Bs off the deck of the aircraft carrier Hornet. He and his men flew bombing raids over several Japanese cities, including Tokyo.
The raid did relatively little material damage to the Japanese, but the effects on American morale were great. American morale was boosted, while that of the Japanese sank. More important was the reassignment of several Japanese fighter units to the defense of the home islands, rather than to combat in the Southwest Pacific.
For his leadership of the raid, Doolittle was promoted to the rank of Brigadier General and was awarded the Medal of Honor, the United States' highest military award. He went on to command the 12th Air Force in North Africa and, later, the Eighth Air Force in England.
The aircraft on display at Castle Air Museum did not see combat during World War II, but instead served as a test aircraft at what is now Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio. It was flown into Castle, where General Doolittle was on hand to accept it on behalf of the Museum. It has the group insignia of the 345th Bomb. Group (M), the "Air Apaches" on the tail. The 345th served in New Guinea, the Philippines and ended World War II based on Ie Shima, Okinawa