During the Great Purge Lefortovo prison was used by NKVD for interrogations with torture.
Lefortovo was an infamous KGB prison and criminal investigation isolation ward (Russian: СИЗО, следственный изолятор) in the Soviet Union for detainment of political prisoners. In 1994 it was transferred to MVD and in years 1996 - 2005 it was handed back to secret police FSB, a successor of the KGB.
Mathias Rust, the 18-year-old German who landed a Cessna 172 airplane near Red Square.
Chingiz Ildyrym, Azerbaijani Bolshevik and statesman.
Rashid Khan Gaplanov, Education and Finance Minister of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic