Maitri is India's second permanent Antarctic station in Antarctica. It was built and finished in 1989, after the first station Dakshina Gangotri was buried in ice and abandoned in 1990-91. Maitri is situated on the rocky mountainous region called Schirmacher Oasis.
It has all the modern facilities to carry out research in various disciplines such as Biology, Earth Sciences, Glaciology, Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology, Cold region Engineering, Communication, Human Physiology and Medicine. It has a capacity to accommodate 25 people for winter. Fresh water supply is provided through a fresh water lake named Priyadarshini in front of Maitri. By virtue of India’s sustained interest and demonstrative capabilities in the domain of polar science, the country has achieved the following milestones.