Focus Friday - Star Forts of Canada

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Friday, May 27 2011 by

A star fort, or trace italienne, is a fortification in the style that evolved during the age of gunpowder, when cannon came to dominate the battlefield, and was first seen in the mid-15th century in Italy. Passive ring-shaped (enceinte) fortifications of the Medieval era proved vulnerable to damage or destruction by cannon fire, when it could be directed from outside against a perpendicular masonry wall. In addition, an attacking force that could get close to the wall was able to conduct undermining operations in relative safety, as the defenders could not shoot at them from nearby walls. In contrast, the star fortress was a very flat structure composed of many triangular bastions, specifically designed to cover each other, and a ditch.

Citadel Hill (Fort George) (Birds Eye)
Citadel Hill (Fort George)

Fort George (Birds Eye)
Fort George
Fort Mississauga (Google Maps)
Fort Mississauga

Fort Erie (Google Maps)
Fort Erie

Citadel du Quebec (Birds Eye)
Citadel du Quebec

Fort Beauséjour (Google Maps)
Fort Beauséjour