The Cathedral is situated in the centre of the city. The architectural complex of the Cathedral consists of the Cathedral itself and a churchyard fence with a gate. The construction of Sts. & Apostles Peter and Paul’s Church began in 1594 on the site of a decayed wooden church.
The building was erected in the Renaissance style, with quite a few features typical of mediaeval architecture. In 1997, the church was granted the status of a cathedral.
There are a number of stories telling why the Cathedral was built at this place, and not somewhere else. A legend has it that upon a time a huge ox wandered to Šiauliai, lay down to rest, and passed away in its sleep. As the time passed, the wind covered the dead ox with dust and sand, and thus a small hill occurred. It is that hill Sts. & Apostles Peter and Paul’s Cathedral stands on today.