Military Wednesday - Ground Effect Vehicles (GEV) / Ekranoplanes

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Wednesday, Sep 29 2010 by

A ground effect vehicle (GEV) is one that attains level flight near the surface of the Earth, made possible by a cushion of high-pressure air created by the aerodynamic interaction between the wings and the surface known as ground effect. Also known as a wing-in-ground-effect (WIG) vehicle, flarecraft, sea skimmer, ekranoplan, or wing-in-surface-effect ship (WISE), a GEV can be seen as a transition between a hovercraft and an aircraft. The International Maritime Organization (IMO) has classified the GEV as a ship. A GEV differs from an aircraft in that it cannot operate without ground effect, so its operating height is limited relative to its wingspan.

Lun Missile Launcher Ekranoplan (Google Maps)
Lun Missile Launcher Ekranoplan
Orlan class amphibious landing craft (Google Maps)
Orlan class amphibious landing craft