Monument Circle is a traffic circle at the center of the city of Indianapolis, Indiana (and Marion County, Indiana). The center of the circle is occupied by a monument to veterans of the American Revolution, territorial conflicts that partially led up to the War of 1812, the Mexican-American War, and the US Civil War. The circle did not always host a monument, since Indianapolis was laid out in 1822. The monument was designed by the German architect Bruno Schmitz and was completed in 1902. In addition to its external commemorative statuary and fountains, the basement of the monument is a museum of Indiana history during the American Civil War.