Rock Cliff is a country house located on the Atlantic shore in the fashionable resort community of Newport Rhode Island. The building was first constructed in 1887 for T. F. Cushing. Architect George Mason, Jr. designed the house in the Tudor revival style, commonly known as “Stick style”, popular in American architecture at that time. Two decades later, in 1910, T. F. Cushing’s daughter, Blair Fairchild, commissioned the architect to redesign Rock Cliff using its existing structure. George Mason, Jr. transformed his original design into a Georgian neo-classical building, in keeping with the new classical trend in American architecture much admired by American socialites in the nineteen teens and twenties.