The Juliett 484 was a part of the Soviet Navy's guided missile submarine anti-carrier program. Her Soviet hull designation was originally K-77, and later changed to B-77. She was equipped with cruise missiles that could strike targets 940 miles away. Her mission was to attack hostile carrier forces. The submarine had to surface to fire her missiles. If the target was above the horizon, the missiles would be controlled by a specially designed aircraft that would guide them to their targets.
The Juliett 484 has two pairs of missile launchers, one forward and one aft of the conning tower. In the forward section of the tower is a large retractable radar antenna. It was used to track and guide the missiles. The Project 651 class submarines were constructed at the same time the Soviet Navy began its nuclear submarine program. They served as the backup force to carry out assignments when insufficient numbers of nuclear powered submarines were available.
The Project 651 class submarine is believed to be the only one designed by a woman ship construction engineer. Most submarines of the class were transferred to the Baltic Fleet in the early 1980s where they could also provide ground theater support. The Julliett 484 was retired from the Russian Navy in February 1994. She has previously been exhibited in Helsinki, Finland and St. Petersburg, Florida. In 2001, berthed in Halifax, Nova Scotia, she was used in the filming of "K-19: The Widowmaker." She was acquired by the USS Saratoga Museum Foundation in March 2002.
By kjfitz @ 2005-08-28 16:29:57